Competition and antitrust law
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Chapter I: Definitions and Scope of Law Enforcement
The goal of the law
The objective of this law is to define the rules governing freedom of competition and to set the objective obligations of all producers, traders, service providers and other intermediaries to prevent any practice that violates the rules of competition and the elimination of monopolistic practices.
In the application of this Law, the following terms shall mean the meaning set forth in each of them unless otherwise provided.
Ministry: Ministry of Economy and Trade
Minister: Minister of Economy and Trade
The Authority: The Competition and Antimonopoly Authority, updated in accordance with the provisions of this law.
The Council: The updated Competition Council in accordance with the provisions of this law.
Law: Competition Law and Antitrust
Corporations: natural and legal persons and associations that have no legal body engaged in commercial activities, irrespective of whether they are established or controlled by private or public entities, including their subsidiaries, subsidiaries, affiliates or other entities directly controlled by them Or indirectly.
Market: The commodity or service or the sum of goods or services that are based on their price, characteristics and uses are interchangeable with each other to meet a specific need of the consumer in a particular geographical area where the conditions of competition are homogenous.
Dominant status: The situation in which an institution is able to control and influence market activity, either on its own or in association with other institutions.
Scope of law enforcement
First: This law shall apply to:
All institutions, as defined above in respect of all their agreements, procedures or commercial transactions relating to goods, services or intellectual property rights.
B. Any natural person who, as a proprietor, manager or employee of an enterprise, practices, is prohibited by law, participates in or assists in the commission of restrictive competition practices.
C) All production, trade and services activities in the Syrian Arab Republic, subject to intellectual property laws
(D) Any economic activities outside the Syrian Arab Republic that have adverse effects.
Second: Exemption from the application of this law:
The sovereign actions of the State.
(B) Public utilities owned or operated by the State for the purpose of providing products or services to citizens such as drinking water, gas, electricity, petroleum, public transport, mail and communications and shall be determined by a decision of the Prime Minister