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Competition and antitrust law / 7 /

  Competition and antitrust law
 
number / 7 /
 
           
 
Chapter I: Definitions and Scope of Law Enforcement
The goal of the law
Article 1:
The objective of this law is to define the rules governing freedom of competition and to set the objective obligations of all producers, traders, service providers and other intermediaries to prevent any practice that violates the rules of competition and the elimination of monopolistic practices.
 
Definitions:
 
Article 2:
In the application of this Law, the following terms shall mean the meaning set forth in each of them unless otherwise provided.
 
Ministry: Ministry of Economy and Trade
 
Minister: Minister of Economy and Trade
 
The Authority: The Competition and Antimonopoly Authority, updated in accordance with the provisions of this law.
 
The Council: The updated Competition Council in accordance with the provisions of this law.
 
Law: Competition Law and Antitrust
 
Corporations: natural and legal persons and associations that have no legal body engaged in commercial activities, irrespective of whether they are established or controlled by private or public entities, including their subsidiaries, subsidiaries, affiliates or other entities directly controlled by them Or indirectly.
 
Market: The commodity or service or the sum of goods or services that are based on their price, characteristics and uses are interchangeable with each other to meet a specific need of the consumer in a particular geographical area where the conditions of competition are homogenous.
 
Dominant status: The situation in which an institution is able to control and influence market activity, either on its own or in association with other institutions.
 
Scope of law enforcement
Article 3:
First: This law shall apply to:
 
All institutions, as defined above in respect of all their agreements, procedures or commercial transactions relating to goods, services or intellectual property rights.
 
 
 
B. Any natural person who, as a proprietor, manager or employee of an enterprise, practices, is prohibited by law, participates in or assists in the commission of restrictive competition practices.
 
C) All production, trade and services activities in the Syrian Arab Republic, subject to intellectual property laws
 
(D) Any economic activities outside the Syrian Arab Republic that have adverse effects.
 
Second: Exemption from the application of this law:
 
       The sovereign actions of the State.
 
       (B) Public utilities owned or operated by the State for the purpose of providing products or services to citizens such as drinking water, gas, electricity, petroleum, public transport, mail and communications and shall be determined by a decision of the Prime Minister

The Executive Instructions of the Competition Law and the Prevention of Monopoly No. 7 of 2008

Chapter One

General provisions and definitions Article 1-

First: "Competition is an important basis to stimulate companies to raise their competitiveness through strategies aimed at raising productivity and quality assurance and modernization is a guarantee To protect consumers and small and medium-sized businesses from the negative effects of dominant institutions and all restrictive practices And as a link to consumer protection in anti-competitive practices and to ensure that they obtain high quality products and services at low prices.

Second: This law aims to define the rules governing freedom of competition and to this end set the objective obligations on all producers, traders and service providers And other intermediaries aimed at preventing any practice that violates the rules of competition and the elimination of monopolistic practices. This law also aims to control the economic concentration processes and to control them and to release the freedom of competition within an organized framework determined by the Directorate General under the provisions of this law. Through the Directorate General of the Authority based on the provisions of this law and under the Regulations.

Article 2- Meansundefined With the following expressions in the application of the Competition Law and the Prevention of Monopoly and the rest of the regulations for which the meaning is given beside each of them:

Law: Competition Law and Prevention of Monopoly.

B- The Commission: The General Authority for Competition and Prevention of Monopoly, updated according to the provisions of the law.

C- The Council: The updated Competition Council in accordance with the provisions of the law.

D - Institution: The Corporation shall mean natural persons, legal persons, economic entities, associations, associations, financial groups and groups of persons Forms and methods of incorporation, whatever the means of financing such persons, their nationalities, their management centers or the main centers of their activities. Any of the persons referred to shall be related parties composed of two or more persons, each of which has an independent natural or legal person, the majority of which is directly or indirectly owned by Indirectly to the other party or owned by one party. Such person shall also be deemed to be a person or persons under the effective control of another person. Such effective control shall mean any status, agreement or ownership of shares or Of shares, whatever their proportion, in a manner that leads to control of management or undefined Decision making

. E - Market: Is the place where supply and demand interact, which forms a framework for analysis and highlights the limitations of competition faced by the companies concerned with respect to the commodity group Services that meet the specific needs of the consumer and all related to the provision of public or private services to the community or to a certain category and is considered to be interchangeable among them. A geographical environment in which the conditions of competition are homogeneous and based on two elements:

1. Products concerned

2. Geographical 

Circulars

Syrian Arab Republic Presidency of the Council of Ministers Circular No. 2086

To all public bodies According to the competition law and antitrust no. After the establishment of the General Authority for Competition and Antimonopoly Please take the following actions:

1. To refer all matters related to competition and antitrust issues to the General Authority for Competition and Prevention of Innovation (agreements, executive programs, memorandums of understanding, training programs, etc.).

2. To reconcile their situation in accordance with the provisions of this Law, including the removal of any practice, agreement or arrangement existing prior to the date of entry into force of this Law or the request for exemption referred to in Article 7 of this Law, and coordination with the General Authority for Competition and Antimonopoly Link

3. Facilitate the work of the Commission's employees and provide them with the application of the provisions of the Competition and Antitrust Law. Prime Minister Mohammed Naji Al Otari Circular No. 2553/1 Syrian Arab Republic Presidency of the Council of Ministers Federation of the Syrian Chamber of Commerce Federation of Syrian Chambers of Industry General Federation of Craftsmen Federation of Chambers (Tourism -undefined Agriculture) According to the competition law and antitrust no. 7 of 2008, and after the events of the General Authority for Competition and Antimonopoly Please work on the following:

1 - Reconciliation of your situation in accordance with the provisions of this law, including the removal of any practice, agreement or arrangement existing prior to the date of entry into force of this law or the request for exemption referred to in Article 7 of this law and coordination with the General Authority for Competition and Antimonopoly in addressing the relevant subjects

2 - Provide facilities and information to the elements of the body to apply the provisions of the law in the best possible way, undefined

Title Date About law
Competition and antitrust law / 7 / 2008-04-03   Competition and antitrust law   number / 7 /... read more
The Executive Instructions of the Competition Law and the Prevention of Monopoly No. 7 of 2008 2005-05-30 Chapter One General provisions and definitions Article 1- First: "Competition is an important basis to stimulate companies... read more
Circulars 2005-05-30 Syrian Arab Republic Presidency of the Council of Ministers Circular No. 2086 To all public bodies According to the competition law and ... read more
Title Date About law